This book focuses on liability for damage to those natural resources that are of interest to the public and are protected by national, European or international law. It provides an overview of the law of the United States and of certain EU Member States on the recovery of damages for injury to natural resources.
The international civil liability conventions that cover environmental harm and the recently published European Commission's White Paper on environmental liability are also discussed. The on-going development in various international forums of treaties or protocols dealing with liability for environmental damage are analyzed, as are the principles developed by the UNEP Working Group established in response to the 1990 Gulf War to advise the UNCC on claims for damage to natural resources.
The book addresses assessment and valuation issues, the issue of standing in cases of injury to (un)owned natural resources, and the determination of ways to repair, restore and compensate for natural resource injuries and the associated loss of ecological and human services. It also explains why such a difference exists between the US and most European jurisdictions and inter-national liability conventions as to the recovery of damages for injury to natural resources.
- Defining Natural Resource Damage
- Damage to Unowned Natural Resources. Standing and Cause of Action
- Statutory Liability for Damage to Natural Resources in the United States of America
- White Paper of the European Commission on Environmental Liability
- Recovery of Damages for Injury to Natural Resources under the Law of Some EU Member States (and Canada)
- International Civil Liability for Damage to Natural Resources
- Concluding Remarks