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There is no question that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
greatly enhanced trade among the United States, Canada and Mexico. Still,
despite the Agreement’s title, a sizeable portion of trade between the three
countries is not ‘free’ at all. Likewise, notwithstanding successive
multilateral trade deals and dozens of bilateral free trade agreements
concluded individually by the NAFTA countries with other countries, a great
deal of trade between the NAFTA countries and non-NAFTA countries remains
subject to various restrictions. These restrictions include trade remedies,
i.e. antidumping duties, countervailing duties, and safeguards.
The aim of this timely book is to bring together in a single detailed work the
law and practice of trade remedies in all three NAFTA countries, including the
role of legal and economic analysis in trade remedy determinations, in light
of the relevant international trade rules at the bilateral, NAFTA and WTO
levels and their economic and political underpinnings.
‘This treatise is without doubt the most comprehensive and well written on
the subject... a tour de force that sets a new high-water mark in published
works on the topic. Three Cheers for Trade Remedies in North America!’
– Rajeev Sharma, Bayer Inc./York University
‘This publication fills a void... superlative’. – Anthony
Eyton, former Chairman of the Canadian International Trade Tribunal
About the Authors.
List of Abbreviations.
Chapter 1. International Rules Governing the Use of Antidumping and
Countervailing Duties in North America.
Chapter 2. NAFTA Chapter 19 Rules Governing the Resolution of Antidumping and
Countervailing Duty Disputes.
Chapter 3. Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Law and Practice in the United
Chapter 4. Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Law and Practice in Canada.
Chapter 5. Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Law and Practice in Mexico.
Chapter 6.International Rules Governing the Use of Safeguards in North America.
Chapter 7. Safeguards Law and Practice in the United States.
Chapter 8. Safeguards Law and Practice in Canada.
Chapter 9. Safeguards Law and Practice in Mexico.
Chapter 10. Economic and Policy Perspectives on Trade-Remedy Laws in North
Chapter 11. Role of Economic Analysis in Material Injury Estimation.
Chapter 12. Statistical Analysis of Trade-Remedy Cases in North America.
Chapter 13. Case Study: United States – Softwood Lumber from Canada.
Chapter 14. Case Study: United States – Cement from Mexico.
Chapter 15. Case Study: Canada – Steel Safeguards Inquiry.
Table of Cases.