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There is a widespread demand among businesses for more convenient and reliable
international payment products, and inevitably this has led to calls for more
predictable and consistent regulation of these products, especially in the
light of such innovations as online payments and ‘stored value’ cards.
Recognizing that recurring risks tend to be dealt with in similar ways by most
legal regimes, this study – the first of its kind – draws on a detailed
analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of existing regimes to develop an
international model which incorporates both the legal elements and their
practical application. In building his model, the author addresses the
fundamental questions in the law of payment services:
Who bears the risk of unauthorised payments?
What must be done about claims of error?
When are payments completed so that they discharge the underlying liability?
These issues are examined through in-depth descriptions of payment facilities
as regulated in five key jurisdictions – Australia, the United Kingdom, the
European Union, Singapore, and the United States – under the headings of
scope, licensing, disclosure, obligations of the parties, liability, redress,
and dispute resolution. The five regimes are further measured against the key
harmonization project in this field, the UNCITRAL Model Law on Credit
Transfers. The discussion is illustrated with analyses of leading cases and a
number of worked examples.
When can payments be reversed?
In summary, this very useful book synthesizes a logical and useful package of
regulatory measures into a model that takes into account the lessons learnt in
the regulation of payment services. Businesses will warmly welcome the study’s
contribution toward reducing the cost of taking a product to market across
multiple jurisdictions. Policymakers and legislators will find the task of
comparing the various approaches to payment services regulation and analyzing
their effectiveness greatly facilitated.
About the Author.
Chapter 1 Introduction.
Chapter 2 What Are Payments?.
Chapter 3 Regulatory Concepts and Quality.
Chapter 4 Basic Operation and Infrastructure of Payment Services.
Chapter 5 Common Payment Facilities – Part I.
Chapter 6 Common Payment Facilities – Part II.
Chapter 7 Legal Nature and Implications of Payment Services.
Chapter 8 Key Risks with Payment Services and Regulatory Responses.
Chapter 9 A Survey of Some National Regulatory Regimes – Part I.
Chapter 10 A Survey of Some National Regulatory Regimes – Part II.
Chapter 11 A Survey of Some International Regulatory Responses.
Chapter 12 The Potential for Global Regulation of Financial Services.
Chapter 13 Comparative Analysis, Best Practice and Regulatory Model.