Globalisation is unravelling and reassembling the fabric of labour relations in ways that are more affected by local conditions and business requirements than by international standards. Now is the time to examine these changes and find the patterns that may serve to establish such standards.
This important undertaking drew together a group of concerned delegates to a special International Conference in Leuven, Belgium, on 3 May 1999, sponsored by the Euro-Japan Institute for Law and Business. The participants included prominent members of the international legal, business and academic communities, as well as representatives of the International Labour Organisation, the Organisation for Economic Development and Cooperation (including its Trade Union Advisory Committee), the European Union, and the International Employers' Association.
This book is the record of this significant Conference. It publishes the reports presented by the various delegates, and also includes the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998) and its follow-up. As a valuable additional feature, it publishes codes of conduct for several multinational enterprises.
Multinational Enterprises and the Social Challenges of the XXIst Century investigates four channels that are available for monitoring social change and promoting social progress in today's world: labour conventions legally binding on signatory states, international guidelines and statements of social policy imposing voluntary standards on multinational enterprises, international declarations of rights recommending agendas for legislatures, and internal corporate codes of conduct.
The reports evaluate the effectiveness of these channels, how they operate in practice, their impact on day-to-day reality, and the extent of coherence and consistency they manifest as instruments of social change.
Introduction: The Global Challenges, Notes on Contributors, List of
1. The importance of law, guidelines and codes
of conduct in monitoring corporate behaviour Bob Hepple 2. The
ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-up
Kari Tapiola 3. Social conduct in transnational enterprise
operations: the role of the International Labour Organization Janelle M.
Diller 4. Review of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational
Enterprises: Possible revisions to the chapter on employment and industrial
relations Roger Blanpain 5. Report on EU standards for European
enterprises operating in developing countries: towards a European Code of
Conduct Richard Howitt 6. Towards a New Standards Policy.
Proposals of the International Organisation of Employers, 6 May 1997
International Organisation of Employers 7. Codes of Conduct – A growing
concern for enterprises? Rolf Thüsing 8. Contribution on
the employment and industrial relations chapter of the OECD Guidelines for
Multinational Enterprises BIAC 9. Labour and Business in the Global
Market ICFTU−ITS 10. The 1999 Review of OECD Guidelines for
Multinational Enterprises Roy Jones 11. C&A Codes of Conduct
Chris Williams 12. Levi’s Code of Conduct Alan
Christie 13. Codes of Conduct and International Subcontracting: a
‘private’ road towards ensuring minimum labour standards in export industries
Gijsbert van Liemt 14. Codes of Conduct. A Central and Eastern
European point of view Andrzej Swiatkowski 15. Child labour
Antoine Jacobs 16. Codes of Conduct. Freedom of association and the
right to bargain collectively Chris Engels 17. Information and
consultation in multinational enterprises Manfred Weiss 18.
Discrimination and privacy Frank Hendrickx 19. Data protection
and codes of conduct: self-regulation versus legislative intervention Frank
Hendrickx 20. Vocational training Jacques Rojot 21.
Implementation and monitoring of codes of conduct. How to make codes of
conduct effective? Michele Colucci 22. Concluding remarks
Miet Smet 23. ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights
at Work and its Follow-up 24. ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles
concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy 25. The OECD
Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises 26. Code of labour practices
for the apparel industry, including sportswear 27. The Body Shop
trading charter 28. The C&A Code of Conduct for the Supply of
Merchandise 29. The DuPont Commitment 30. Code of labour
practice negotiated with FIFA 31. Hennes & Mauritz. Code of conduct
32. Agreement between IKEA and the International Federation of Building
and Wood Workers 33. Kmart. Workplace Code of Conduct 34. Levi
Strauss & Co. Code of Conduct 35. The NIKE Code of Conduct 36.
Agreement on Code of Conduct between the Norwegian Confederation of Trade
Unions and the Norwegian Goldsmiths’ Association 37. Philips.
General Business Principles 38. PSI Water Code 39. World
Federation of the Sporting Goods Industry. Model Code of Conduct