A notable trend in recent scholarship on the nature of the European Union and
its democratic legitimacy focuses on the concept of `legislation and its
employment within the European Community's legal system. In this remarkable
work of synthesis, Alexander Türk exposes and elucidates the underlying
uncertainty as to the meaning of the term, and even its legitimate use, within
the Community's legal order. He arrives at a clear evaluation of the extent to
which the concept of legislation can be applied in the EC through a
comparative analysis of the British, French, and German constitutional
systems, and proceeds to reveal and highlight aspects of the concept of
legislation derived from this analysis appearing in areas of EC law.
A number of crucially significant insights emerge, among them the following:
the distinction between `legislation in form' and `legislation in substance';
defining the addressee of Community acts;
judicial determination of the general application of an act;
the relevance of the EU's system of functional (rather than personal)
the co-decision and assent procedures of the EU institutions as `legislation
All those interested in the nature of the EC legal system and the state of its
development will find this study richly rewarding. Building rigorously on
detailed analysis of EC case law and on prior scholarship, the book shows the
way to a new understanding of the relevance of the concept of legislation to
the solution of some of the EU's most pressing legal issues.
Preface. Abstract. Table of Cases. Introduction.
Part One: Member States Definition of Legislative Acts. A.
Definition of Legislative Act in the UK. I. The traditional concept of
legislative act. II. Challenge to the traditional concept: Government
as lawmaker. III. Summary. B. Definition of Legislative Act in
French Law. I. Allocation of lawmaking powers under the Third Republic
(1871-1940) and Fourth Republic (1946-1958). II. Definition of
legislative act in the Fifth Republic. III. Summary. C.
Definition of Legislative Act in German Law. I. Historical developments
before the 1949 Constitution. II. Definition of legislative act under
the basic law of 1949. III. Summary. D. Conclusion. Part Two:
Legislative Acts in the EC Legal System. A. The Law-making Structure in
the EC Legal System. I. Principle of attributed powers. II.
Horizontal allocation. III. Vertical allocation. B. EC Acts as
Legislation in Substance. I. Regulations as acts of general
application. II. Addressees of an act. III. Criteria for the
determination of the nature of the act. IV. Relevance of the concept of
Legislation in Substance. C. EC Acts as Legislation in Form. I.
Nature of EC competences. II. The role of EC institutions in the
law-making process. III. Legislative procedures. IV. Relevance
of the concept of Legislation in Form. Conclusion. Bibliography.