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The development of EU enlargement has raised many thorny issues unanticipated
by the framers of the EC Treaty. A significant upshot of these issues is that
the concept of European identity – defined in terms of such factors as
culture, history and economics – has supplanted the long-dominant theme of
‘widening and deepening,’ particularly since the Union’s expansion has become
The major contribution of this important book lies in its analysis of the
conceptualization and perception of enlargement from various points of view,
focusing on the concerns of stakeholders and the ‘identity’ conflicts and
uncertainties incurred by enlargement initiatives. In the course of its
presentation, it details the actual pre-accession Europeanization process and
its complex history. Among the key elements discussed are the following:
the conflict between ‘widening’ and ‘deepening’ and the effect on EU
institutional requirements on candidate countries;
pre-accession criteria and negotiations;
administrative capacity, judicial capacity, and legal approximation in
capacity of the EU to absorb new Member States; and
EC law as part of European identity.
Also covered are specific historical details of particular pre-accession
negotiations (e.g., Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, and Cyprus), the still
inconclusive negotiations with Turkey and the Western Balkan states, and
political factors involved in the non-accession of Norway, Iceland and
Switzerland. Assembling powerful evidence and applying incisive analysis, the
author’s conclusion shows that, absent further (and major) EU institutional
reform, it will be difficult for an enlarging Union to continue to ‘deliver
A watershed in the continuing great debate on the fulfilment of the EC
Treaty’s determination to foster and promote ‘an ever closer union of the
peoples of Europe,’ this book will prove invaluable to anybody interested in
the European integration project, particularly lawyers, academics, officials
and policymakers in the EU Member States.
Preface. 1. Introduction: The Context of Enlargement. 2.
The First Wave of Enlargement. 3. Southern Enlargement. 4. The
GDR and Another EFTA Enlargement. 5. Central and Eastern European
Enlargements. 6. Further Mediterranean Enlargements. 7. Western
Balkans and EFTA. 8. Conditionality. 9. The Procedure of
Accession to the European Union. 10. Financial, Technical and Legal
Support for the CEECs. 11. Financial, Technical and Legal Support for
the Mediterranean and Western Balkan States. 12. Legal Harmonization
and the Acquis Communitaire. 13. Administrative Capacity. 14.
Judicial Capacity. 15. The Effect of Enlargement on EU Institutions.
16. Institutional Requirements upon the Candidate Countries. 17.
Conclusion: The Future of Enlargement. Index.