Liability law is clearly expanding through an increasing number of strict liabilities, increasing claim-consciousness and higher amounts awarded.
This book puts forward a number of views on how modern tort law copes and should cope with these changes. It provides a brief overview of a broad range of legal systems. It describes the tools used to prevent the burden of liability law from becoming too heavy, such as causation, duty of care, caps and ceilings and ad hoc moderation.
Such an overview has never been available previously. Moreover, the authors not only elaborate on the law as it stands, but establish views on how to keep the floodgates shut in the future.
Limitation and Mitigation in German Tort Law Prof Dr. Christian v.
Bar I Areas of German law in which the principle of full
compensation is felt to be inappropriate II General principles of
mitigation in German law III Preference of certain systems
Direct and general limits on tort damages in the United States
Dan B. Dobbs I General Principles II Limiting
Compensatory Damages III Conclusion
European tort law, Hellenic National Report K.D. Kerameus and Kl.
Roussos I Introduction II Limitation of damages
Mitigation of Damages under Austrian Law and Ideas for Future
Regulations Helmut Koziol Introduction 1 The System of
Austrian Law of Tort 2 Critical Presentation of Mitigation of Damages
under Austrian Law 3 Trends and Suggestions for Future Regulations
Tools to Control the Scope and Extent of Liability 1 Ceilings 2
Ad hoc mitigation 3 Circumstances to be imputed to the victim 4
Heads of non recoverable damages 5 Funds established either by industry
or government 6 Schutzzweck 7 Duty of care 8
Apportionment 9 Schedules, scales and matrices 10 Thresholds
11 Adequate causation 12 The access to justice 13 Insurance
provided by government and/or payment by treasury
La moderation de la reparation du dommage dans Ie droit beige de
la responsabilite civile extra-contractuelle Prof Dr. A. van Oevelen
I Introduction II Le principe de la reparation integrale du
dommage III Les consequences du principe de la reparation integrale du
dommage IV Exceptions au principe de la reparation integrale du dommage
VI L'interpretation large de la notion de dommage VII Moderation
indirecte de I'etendue de l'indemnisation par l'application des regles
concernant Ie lien de causalite? VIII Conclusion
Keeping the Floodgates Shut: 'Mitigation' and 'Limitation' of Tort Liability
in the English Common Law W. VH. Rogers Tenninology, Is there a
principle or goal of full compensation? Fonnal Limitations upon Levels of
Damages, Ad hoc mitigation? Joint and several liability, The assessment of
damages Controlling the scope liability, The duty of care, Other control
devices in the substantive law How to keep liability within
reasonable limits? A brief outline of Dutch law J Spier I
How to keep liability within reasonable limits? A brief outline of Dutch law
III How to keep liability law within reasonable limits: observations
limitation des responsabilites et des indemnisations I Les tendances du
droit franyais quant au probleme de la limitation des responsabilites et des
indemnisations II Les orientations a envisager
Determination et reduction de la reparation en droit Suisse Pierre Widmer I
Le soi-disant principe de la reparation integrale II Facteurs d'
exoneration et de reduction de lege lata et de lege ferenda III Autres
aspects de la limitation de la reparation